Active Faculty Research

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COHSE’s faculty is involved in a variety of research projects that cover many topics, from genomics and cancer to environmental neurotoxins and child development. This page features federally funded research projects that are currently being conducted and are being overseen by a Principal Investigator or Co-PI who is a COHSE faculty member. Read on to learn about some of these interesting projects!

Sara Adar's current research. Characterizing the Respiratory Microbiome Via a Novel, Non-Invasive Technique. Funding Agency is NIAID, grant is R21, funding period is February 18, 2016 to January 31, 2018. Microbes reside throughout the human body, outnumbering human cells ten to one. They influence the health of their host and can be linked to disease. Identifying microbes in the lungs, however, is costly and currently requires and invasive procedure performed under sedation at the hospital. This study proposes a new, non-invasive technique to study the respiratory microbiome. Researchers will look at microbial communities in exhaled breath condensate, assess how well they represent microbes in the lungs, and identify the origins (mouth, nose, gut, air) of any not present in the lungs. This cheaper and non-invasive technique may allow for more large-scale studies of respiratory health in the general population and lessen the burden and costs for patients at high risk for lung infections.
Stuart Batterman's current research. Community Action to Promote Healthy Environments, or CA-PHE. Co-PI is Amy Schulz. Funding Agency is NIEHS, grant is R01, funding period is December 16, 2013 to October 31, 2018. CA-PHE will bring community, academic, and public health practice partners together to research and address air pollution in health issues in Detroit. They will identify pollutant sources and develop and implement a public health action plan to reduce exposure to air pollution, mitigate the resulting negative health effects, and improve overall environmental and public health. This project is especially focused on improving the quality of life in vulnerable communities disproportionately at risk for cardiovascular and respiratory disease.
Christopher Friese's current research. Communication Processes, Technology, and Patient Safety in Ambulatory Oncology Settings. Funding agency is AHRQ, grant is R01, funding period is September 30, 2016 to August 31, 2019. Safe chemotherapy delivery requires clinicians to manage adverse events to avoid the risk of potentially lethal complications. Communication technologies in ambulatory care may cause increased interruptions or other consequences that may cause a higher risk of errors. This project focuses primarily on characterizing the communication process among clinicians to determine how it affects chemotherapy delivery. Further, the project aims to assess barriers to safe delivery by assessing these communication technologies and adverse patient events.
Christopher Friese's current research. Funding agency is NCI. Grant is R01. Funding period is September 1, 2017 to August 30, 2022. Chemotherapy is a very common and risky clinical procedure, and practicing nurses and pharmacists may benefit from professional training known as interprofessional education, or IPE. Often, however, IPE is absent as a form of training. This project aims to deliver an interprofessional chemotherapy safety curriculum, determine how effective it is with regard to health of the patients, and evaluate additional digital resources that help with chemotherapy safety and knowledge.
Sioban Harlow's current research. Study of Women's Health Across the Nation, or SWAN V): Michigan Site. Funding agency is NINR. Grant is U01. Funding period is September 30, 1994 to December 31, 2018. This long term study of menopausal transition, or MT, and its effect on subsequent health and risk factors for age-related disease will increase understanding of the impact of MT on the health of women in their 60s and 70s and will facilitate the application of this new knowledge to clinical practice. Thus far, SWAN has characterized the natural history of MT and will continue to do so throughout late post-menopause. This study will also address questions about the relationship of MT and disease, assess differences in women of different race and ethnicity, and provide insight into factors relevant to the design of innovative prevention and treatment programs for aging women.
Marjorie McCullagh's current research. Test of Hearing Health Education Programs for Farm and Rural Youth. Funding agency is NIDCD. Grant is R01. Funding period is December 1, 2014 to November 30, 2018. Farm and rural youth are frequently exposed to hazardous noise on the farm and recreationally, which often results in noise-induced hearing loss. This high-risk population is rarely serving by hearing conservation programs. Thus, this project will test innovative hearing health education programs in a randomly-controlled trial to determine the most effective and sustainable approach to hearing health education among farm and rural youth. Implementation of the most succe3ssful programs will improve quality of life in this under-served group by encouraging them to consistently use hearing conservation strategies to reduce rates of noise-induced hearing loss and other negative effects of high noise exposure.